“Dolly in” or “Dolly out”
“Truck left” or “Truck right”
Pan: a horizontal movement of the camera only (While the tripod remains stationary)
“Pan left” or “Pan right”
Tilt: an up and down movement of the camera only (while the tripod remains stationary)
Both panning and tilting adds variety to the image.
Zoom: a movement of the camera le ns to make the image larger and closer or the image smaller and further away
“Zoom in” or “Zoom out”
- When doing any of these movements, be sure to move slow and steady.
- Plan the movement ahead of time.
- Do another take without a movement, just in case.
To avoid an unbalanced shot, center subject closer to the middle of the frame.
To avoid your subject running into a “wall”, give some “lead room”.
Head room: the amount of space on top of subject
Lead room: the amount of space in front of subject